How Does Fentanyl Make You Feel? Effects of Fentanyl

Fentanyl, classified as a synthetic opioid, interacts with opioid receptors in the brain and body. Its potency is staggering, estimated to be approximately 100 times stronger than morphine. Initially developed for medical purposes such as managing cancer pain, fentanyl is now increasingly found in illicit street drugs, amplifying its dangers.

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How Does Fentanyl Make You Feel?

Fentanyl, often prescribed to manage severe or chronic pain, induces a range of sensations upon consumption. Upon consumption, fentanyl swiftly binds to opioid receptors, altering the brain’s perception of pain and inducing feelings of euphoria. Users may initially experience a euphoric rush, accompanied by feelings of relaxation and warmth.

However, these effects swiftly give way to profound sedation and drowsiness. Despite the initial sense of well-being, Fentanyl can quickly lead to respiratory depression, which can be life-threatening.

Adverse Effects of Fentanyl

Fentanyl, like other opioids, can produce a range of adverse side effects, particularly when used improperly or in high doses. These effects can either be short-term or long-term, depending on the dosage, frequency of use, and more.

Some short-term effects of fentanyl use include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Sedation and drowsiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation

On the other hand, users can experience severe consequences from chronic misuse. Some of the long-term effects of fentanyl include respiratory problems, cardiac issues, gastrointestinal problems, and hormonal imbalance.

Additionally, the body can also develop tolerance to fentanyl, requiring higher doses to achieve the same level of pain relief or euphoria. Dependence can also develop, where individuals experience withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly stop using fentanyl.

Fentanyl also has a high potential for addiction, characterized by compulsive drug-seeking behavior despite negative consequences. Addiction to fentanyl affects the person’s physical health, mental well-being, relationships, and overall functioning.

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How Much Fentanyl Can Kill You?

The lethal dose of Fentanyl varies depending on several factors, including an individual’s tolerance, metabolism, and overall health. However, even minute quantities of this potent prescription opioid can prove fatal. According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration, 2 milligrams of fentanyl can be considered lethal.

Additionally, fentanyl is often mixed with other substances, such as heroin or cocaine, to increase its potency or profitability on the black market. These combinations can increase the risk of overdose and death.

The United States has seen a dramatic increase in fentanyl-related overdose deaths in recent years. From 2019 to 2022, these fatalities more than doubled, reaching a staggering 73,654 in 2022. This surge is linked to two factors: a decrease in opioid prescriptions and the alarming trend of illegally manufactured fentanyl being laced into other street drugs.

Fentanyl Overdose Signs

Opioid drug overdose, whether from fentanyl or other opioids, is a grave concern. Recognizing the signs of fentanyl overdose is critical for a timely intervention and potentially life-saving measures. Some common signs and symptoms of a fentanyl overdose include:

  • Extreme drowsiness or unconsciousness
  • Slow or shallow breathing
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Bluish or grayish skin
  • Cold or clammy skin
  • Weak pulse
  • Vomiting
  • Extreme confusion or disorientation
  • Seizures
  • Death

What Should You Do in Case of Fentanyl Overdose?

If you suspect that someone is experiencing a fentanyl overdose, it’s crucial to act quickly to seek emergency medical assistance. Call 911 for immediate assistance. If available, you can administer Naloxone (Narcan), a medication that can quickly reverse the effects of opioid overdose, including fentanyl.

Remember that Naloxone itself is only temporary and further medical attention is still needed in case of overdose.

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Fentanyl Addiction and Withdrawal

Addiction is a complex and chronic brain disorder characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and drug use despite negative consequences. Fentanyl addiction can develop when individuals use the drug recreationally, misuse it by taking higher doses than prescribed, or use it without a prescription.

Fentanyl addiction involves psychological dependence, where individuals experience strong cravings or urges to use the drug despite knowing the potential risks and consequences. The drug may become a central focus in the person’s life, leading to difficulty in controlling drug use and prioritizing it over other responsibilities and activities.

In addition, users can also develop withdrawal from fentanyl once they stop using the drug. Fentanyl withdrawal refers to the physical and psychological symptoms that occur when a person who is physically dependent on fentanyl suddenly stops or significantly reduces their use of the drug. It can be extremely challenging and uncomfortable, often leading people to continue using the drug to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

Some common symptoms include intense drug cravings, flu-like symptoms, insomnia, anxiety, depression, and increased fatigue. Professional intervention is often necessary to manage withdrawal safely and effectively.

Fentanyl Addiction Treatment and Detox

Fentanyl addiction is a complex and challenging condition, requiring comprehensive medical and psychological intervention. Treatment options may include detoxification, medication-assisted therapy, counseling, and support groups.

Here in Scottsdale, Arizona, our rehabilitation facilities are available to provide tailored addiction treatment programs to those who need them. Our team of addiction specialists can help you transition safely from medical detox to a comprehensive treatment program to address the root cause of addiction.

If you or someone you know is struggling with fentanyl addiction, it is important to seek help. Contact our team and discover our rehab programs today.

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